Lolly’s working late and Alex is over so we are having #KFC.  Got £5 off too.

Anyway, #KFC #Takeaway only means one thing.!  £18.65 is the price and that translates too – 

#Historical Events in 1865:

Jan 1st -Apr 26th] Carolinas’ campaign

Jan 3rd Con Orem & Hugh O’Neill box 193 rounds before darkness ends match

Jan 4th The New York Stock Exchange opens its first permanent headquarters at 10-12 Broad near Wall Street in New York City.

Jan 11th Battle of Beverly, WV

Jan 12th -13] Union fleet bombs Fort Fisher NC

Jan 13th -Jan 15th] BBT & CPT Ft Fisher, NC

Jan 15th Ft Fisher, NC, falls to Union troops

Jan 16th Drunken sailor attacks munitions at Ft Fisher NC, 40 die

Jan 16th Gen Wm Sherman issues Field Order #15 (land for blacks)

Jan 16th SF Dramatic Chronicle started

Jan 18th Battle of Ft Moultrie, SC

Jan 19th NV Suriname Bank established

Jan 19th Union occupies Fort Anderson, NC

Jan 23rd -Jan 25th) Battle of City Point, VA (James River, Trent’s Reach)

Jan 25th CSS Shenandoah arrives in Melbourne, Australia

Jan 31st Congress passes 13th Amendment, abolishing slavery in America (121-24)

Event of interestEvent of

Jan 31st General Robert E. Lee named Commander-in-Chief of Confederate Armies during US Civil War

Feb 1st 13th amendment approved (National Freedom Day)

Event of interestEvent of

Mar 3rd US Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, & Abandoned Lands established by Abraham Lincoln to help destitute free blacks

Mar 3rd Opening of the Hongkong and Shanghai Banking Corporation, the founding member of the HSBC Group.

Mar 4th Confederate congress approves final design of “official flag”

Mar 4th Abraham Lincoln inaugurated for his 2nd term as US president

Mar 6th Battle of Natural Bridge, Florida

Mar 6th President Lincoln’s 2nd Inaugural Ball

Mar 7th -10] Battles round Kinston NC

Mar 8th Battle of Kingston, NC (Wilcox’s ridge, Wise’s Forks)

Mar 8th 27th Grand National: Capt. Henry Coventry aboard Alcibiade FRA wins

Mar 10th Battle of Monroe’s Crossroads, NC

Mar 11th General William T. Sherman’s Union forces occupies Fayetteville, NC

Mar 13th US Civil war: Confederate President Jefferson Davis signs bill authorizing use of slaves as soldiers

Mar 13th US Confederate Congress calls on black slaves for field service

Mar 16th Battle of Averasboro NC (1,500 casualities)

Mar 18th Battle of Wilson’s raid to Selma, AL

Mar 18th Congress of Confederate States of American adjourns for last time

Mar 19th Battle of Bentonville-Confederates retreat from Greenville NC

Mar 20th 2nd day of Battle of Bentonville NC

Mar 20th Michigan authorizes workers’ cooperatives

Mar 21st Battle of Bentonville ends, last Confederate effort to stop Sherman

Mar 22nd Raid at Wilson’s: Chickaswas AL to Macon GA

Mar 23rd General Sherman/Cox’ troops reach Goldsboro NC

Mar 25th Battle of Bluff Spring, FL

Mar 25th Battle of Fort Stedman, VA – in front of Petersburg

Mar 25th Battle of Mobile, AL (Spanish Fort, Fort Morgan, Fort Blakely)

Mar 25th SS General Lyon at Cape Hatteras catches fire & sinks, killing 400

Mar 27th Siege of Spanish Fort, AL-captured by Federals

Mar 29th -Apr 9th], Appomattox campaign, VA, 7582 killed

Mar 29th Battle of Quaker Road, VA

Mar 30th -4] Battle at 5 Forks Virginia

Mar 31st Battle of Boydton, VA (White Oaks Roads, Dinwiddie C H)

Mar 31st Gen Pickette moves to 5 Forks, abandoning the defense of Peterburg

Apr 1st -9] Battle at Blakely Alabama

Apr 1st Battle of 5 Forks Virginia, signalling end of Lee’s army

Apr 2nd Battle of Petersburg, VA (Ft Gregg, Sutherland’s Station)

Apr 2nd US Civil War: Confederate President Jefferson Davis flees Confederate capital of Richmond, VA

Apr 2nd Battle of Ft Blakely AL & Selma AL

Apr 3rd Battle at Namozine Church, Virginia (Appomattox Campaign)

Apr 3rd Union forces occupy Confederate capital of Richmond Va & Petersberg

Apr 4th Lee’s army arrives at Amelia Courthouse

Apr 5th Battle at Amelia Springs/Jetersville Va (Appomattox Campaign)

Apr 6th Battle of Sayler’s Creek during US Civil War, 1/4rd of Lee’s army cut off

Apr 6th Skirmish at High Bridge VA (Appomattox) during US Civil war;

Apr 7th Battle of Farmville VA

Apr 9th US Civil War: Confederate General Robert E. Lee and 26,765 troops surrender at Appomattox Court House to US Lieutenant General Ulysses S. Grant

Apr 10th At Appomattox, General Robert E. Lee issues Gen Order #9, his last

Apr 11th Battle of Mobile, AL – evacuated by Confederates

Apr 11th Abraham Lincoln urges a spirit of generous conciliation during reconstruction

Apr 13th Battle of Raleigh, NC

Apr 14th Mobile, Alabama is captured

Apr 14th U.S. Secretary of State William H. Seward and his family are attacked in his home by Lewis Powell.

Apr 14th US President Abraham Lincoln is shot by John Wilkes Booth at Ford’s Theater in Washington

Apr 15th Abraham Lincoln dies 9 hours after he is shot attending the play “Our American Cousin” at Ford’s Theatre in Washington

Apr 16th Battle of Columbus & West Point, GA (Ft Tyler)

Apr 17th Mary Surratt is arrested as a conspirator in Lincoln’s assassination

Apr 18th Confederate Gen Johnson surrendered to General William T. Sherman in North Carolina

Apr 20th Chicago’s Crosby Opera House opens

Apr 21st Abraham Lincoln’s funeral train leaves Washington

Apr 24th Fire alarm & police telegraph system put into operation (SF)

Apr 26th Battle of Durham Station, NC (Greensboro)

Apr 26th Battle of Ft Tobacco, VA

Apr 26th Confederate Gen J E Johnston surrenders Army of Tenn, at Durham NC

Apr 27th Cornell University (Ithaca NY) is chartered

Apr 27th Steamboat “SS Sultana” explodes in the Mississippi River, killing up to 1,800 of the 2,427 passengers in the greatest maritime disaster in United States history. Most were paroled Union POWs on their way home.

Apr 28th Giacomo Meyerbeer’s opera “L’Africaine” premieres in Paris

May 2nd US President Andrew Johnson offers $100,000 reward for capture of Jefferson Davis

May 4th Battle of Citronville, AL; Richard Taylor surrenders

May 5th 1st US train robbery (North Bend Ohio)

May 10th US Civil War: Confederate President Jefferson Davis captured by Union troops at Irwinsville Georgia

May 10th Surrender of Sam Jones

May 11th Confederate Brigadier General Meriwether Jeff Thompson surrenders at Jacksonport, Arkansas

May 12th Last land action of Civil war at Palmito Ranch, Texas

May 13th Battle of Palmito Ranch, near Brownsville, Texas: final engagement of the American Civil War, Private John Jefferson Williams of B Company, 34th Regiment Indiana Infantry is last man killed

May 17th The International Telegraph Union (later the International Telecommunication Union) is established.

May 23rd -24] Victory parade in Washington, D.C. (Grand Review)

May 23rd Flag flown at full mast over White House for the first time since Lincoln was shot

May 26th Battle of Galveston TX, surrender of Edmund Kirby Smith

Jun 2nd At Galveston, Kirby-Smith surrenders Trans-Mississippi Dept

Jun 8th Tristanderl und Zusholde, premieres

Jun 9th Battle of Grand Gulf, MS

Jun 10th Wagner’s “Tristan und Isolde” 1st performance Munich Germany

Jun 19th Siege of Richmond, VA

Jun 19th Union General Granger declares slaves are free in Texas

Jun 22nd 1st class cricket debut of Dr W G Grace

Jun 23rd At Fort Towson, General Stand Watie surrenders last sizeable confederate army

Jun 28th The Army of the Potomac is disbanded

Jun 30th 8 alleged conspirators in assassination of Lincoln are found guilty

Jul 2nd One-time Methodist Reform Church minister William Booth and his wife Catherine found the Salvation Army (Army of the Salvation) as the East London Christian Mission

Jul 4th First edition of “Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland” is published

Jul 5th Great Britain creates world’s 1st speed limit law

Jul 5th US Secret Service begins operating under the Treasury Department

Jul 13th Horace Greeley reputedly advises his readers to “Go west young man”

Jul 13th P T Barnum’s museum burns down

Jul 14th Whymper, Hudson, Croz, Douglas & Hadow 1st to climb Matterhorn

Event of interestEvent of

Jul 21st In the market square of Springfield, Missouri, Wild Bill Hickok shoots and kills Davis Tutt in what is regarded as the first true western showdown.

Jul 22nd V E Walker takes 10-104 in an innings for Middlesex v Lancashire

Jul 26th Patrick Francis Healy is 1st African American awarded PhD (from University of Leuven, Belgium)

Jul 26th The capital of New Zealand moves from Auckland to Wellington

Jul 27th Welsh settlers arrive at Chubut in Argentina.

Jul 30th Pope Pius IX visits Suriname

Jul 31st The first narrow gauge mainline railway in the world opens at Grandchester, Australia.

Aug 2nd Trans Atlantic Cable being laid by SS Great Eastern snaps & is lost

Aug 12th Joseph Lister performs 1st antiseptic surgery

Aug 15th Battle of Lone Jack, Missouri

Aug 16th Restoration Day in the Dominican Republic: The Dominican Republic regains its independence after 4 years of fighting against the Spanish Annexation.

Aug 20th President Andrew Johnson proclaims an end to “insurrection” in Texas

Aug 22nd William Sheppard is issued the first US patent for liquid soap

Sep 3rd Army commander in SC orders Freedmen’s Bureau to stop seizing land

Sep 14th 6th British Golf Open: Andrew Strath shoots a 162 at Prestwick Golf Club

Sep 19th Atlanta University forms

Sep 24th James Cooke walks tightrope from Cliff House to Seal Rocks, SF

Oct 8th Earthquake in Santa Cruz Mountains

Oct 9th First US underground pipeline for carrying oil is laid in Pennsylvania

Oct 10th John Hyatts patents billard ball

Oct 11th Paul Bogle led hundreds of black men and women in a march in Jamaica, starting the Morant Bay rebellion.

Oct 14th Cheyennes & Arapahos sign “peace treaty” then chased out Colorado

Nov 1st Zutphen-Fishing Dutch railway opens

Nov 6th Maastricht-Venlo railway opens in Netherlands

Nov 6th American Civil War: CSS Shenandoah is the last Confederate combat unit to surrender after circumnavigating the globe on its cruise that sank or captured 37 vessels.

Nov 11th Mary Edward Walker, the first US Army female surgeon, awarded Medal of Honor

Nov 11th Thomas Robertson’s “Society” premieres in London

Nov 11th Treaty of Sinchula is signed in which Bhutan ceded the areas east of the Teesta River to the British East India Company.

Nov 13th PT Barnum’s New American museum opens in Bridgeport

Nov 13th US issues 1st gold certificates

Event of interestEvent of

Nov 18th Mark Twain publishes “Celebrated Jumping Frog of Calaveras County”

Nov 21st Shaw University forms in Raleigh NC

Nov 26th “Alice in Wonderland” by Lewis Carroll published in USA

Nov 26th Battle of Papudo: The Spanish navy engages a combined Peruvian-Chilean fleet north of Valparaiso, Chile.

Dec 5th Chincha Islands War: Peru allies with Chile against Spain.

Dec 6th 13th Amendment of the United States Constitution is ratified, abolishing slavery

Dec 18th 1st US cattle importation law passed

Dec 20th De Clear-Alkmaar railway opens

Dec 24th Several Confederate veterans form Ku Klux Klan in Pulaski, Tn

Dec 26th James H Mason (Mass) patents 1st US coffee percolator

Page 2

Jan 9th Fisk University establishes

Jan 11th Steamship London sinks in storm off Land’s End, England and kills 220

Jan 12th The Royal Aeronautical Society is formed in London.

Jan 15th Bedrich Smetana’s opera “Branibori v Cechach” premieres in Prague

Jan 18th Wesley College is established in Melbourne

Jan 20th Prim’s Insurrection in Spain ends

Feb 10th Dutch government of Frans van der Putte forms

Event of interestEvent of

Feb 13th Jesse James holds up his first bank, stealing $15,000 from the Clay County Savings Association in Liberty, Missouri

Feb 16th Spencer Compton Cavendish, Marquess of Hartington becomes the British Secretary of State for War.

Feb 21st Lucy B Hobbs (Taylor) becomes 1st US woman to earn a DDS degree

Feb 26th New York Legislature forms NYC Metropolitan Board of Health

Mar 1st Paraguayan canoes sink 2 Brazilian ironclads on Rio Parana

Mar 2nd 1st US company to make sewing needles by machine incorporated, Conn

Mar 7th 28th Grand National: Mr Alec Goodman aboard Salamander IRE wins

Mar 19th Immigrant ship Monarch of the Seas sinks in Liverpool; 738 die

Mar 21st US Congress authorizes national soldiers’ homes

Mar 27th Andrew Rankin patents the urinal

May 16th Charles Elmer Hires invents root beer

May 16th US Congress authorizes the nickel 5 cent piece (replaces silver half-dime)

May 18th French government of De Putte resigns

May 21st 1st-class debut of G F Grace aged 15 years 159 days

May 24th Berkeley, California named (for George Berkeley, Bishop of Cloyne)

May 28th Dutch government of Zuylen van Nijevelt/Heemskerk forms

May 30th Opera “Die Verkaufte Braut” premieres (Prague)

Jun 1st General Dutch Typographer Union forms

Jun 1st Renegade Irish Fenians from US invade Fort Erie, Ontario

Jun 2nd Renegade Irish Fenians surrender to US forces

Jun 7th 1,800 Fenian raiders are repelled back to the United States after they loot and plunder around Saint-Armand and Frelighsburg, Quebec

Jun 11th The Agra High Court (ow the Allahabad High Court) is established in India.

Jun 13th US House of representatives passes 14th Amendment (Civil rights)

Jun 15th Prussia attacks Austria

Jun 20th Italy declares war on Austria

Jun 24th Second Battle at Custozza: the Austrian Imperial army, joined by the Venetian Army decisively defeated the Italian army, despite the Italians’ strong numerical advantage.

Jul 4th Firecracker thrown in wood starts fire destroying half of Portland, Mainee, US

Jul 10th Indelible pencil patented by Edson P Clark, Northampton, Mass

Jul 17th Italian fleet under Admiral Count Carlo Pellion di Persano captures Austrian Fort Lissa

Jul 19th Tennessee is 1st to ratify 14th Amendment to the US constitution, guaranteeing civil rights

Jul 20th Sea battle of Lissa-Austria vs Italy

Jul 21st Cholera epidemic kills hundreds in London

Jul 23rd Cincinnati Baseball club (Red Stockings) forms

Jul 24th Tennessee becomes 1st Confederate state readmitted to Union

Jul 25th 25th US Postmaster General: Alexander W Randall of Wisconsin takes office

Jul 25th David Faragut appointed as 1st admiral in US Navy

Jul 26th Canoe Club opens in England

Jul 27th Atlantic telegraph cable successfully laid (1,686 miles long)

Jul 28th Metric system becomes a legal measurement system in US

Jul 30th New Orleans’s Democratic government orders police to raid an integrated Republican Party meeting, killing 40 people and injuring 150.

Aug 11th World’s 1st roller rink opens (Newport RI)

Aug 20th President Andrew Johnson formally declares US Civil War over

Aug 23rd Treaty of Prague ends Austro-Prussian war

Sep 1st Last Navaho chief Manuelito turns himself in at Fort Wingate

Sep 4th 1st Hawaiian daily newspaper published

Sep 13th 7th British Golf Open: Willie Park, Sr. shoots a 169 at Prestwick Golf Club

Sep 22nd Decisive battle of Curupaity in the War of the Triple Alliance.

Sep 25th (Leonard W) Jerome Park opens in Bronx for horse racing

Oct 1st Dutch Eindhoven-Venlo railway opens

Oct 2nd J Osterhoudt patents tin can with key opener

Oct 6th 1st train robbery in US (Reno Brothers take $13,000)

Oct 15th Great fire in Quebec destroys 2,500 houses

Oct 22nd Paraguay: Battle of Curupaytí against Brazil, Argentina and Uruguay.

Oct 30th Jesse James gang robs bank in Lexington Missouri ($2000)

Nov 4th Kingdom of Italy annexes Venetia

Nov 17th Opera “Mignon” is produced (Paris)

Nov 20th First national convention of Grand Army of Republic (veterans’ org)

Nov 20th Howard University founded (Washington, D.C.)

Nov 20th Pierre Lalemont patents rotary crank bicycle

Nov 30th Work begins on 1st US underwater highway tunnel, Chicago

Dec 3rd Paid fire dept replaces volunteer companies

Dec 6th Chicago water supply tunnel 3,227 m into Lake Michigan completed

Dec 11th 1st yacht race across Atlantic Ocean

Dec 21st Cheyennes, Arapho’s, Sioux, Fetterman Massacre

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